Jasper: is a fine grained opaque variety of Quartz (Chalcedony) that forms in a multitude of varying colors and patterns. Found worldwide, Jasper often contains organic material and mineral oxides which give it interesting patterns, bands and colors. Its hardness ranges from 6.5-7 on the Moh's scale and was a favorite gem in ancient times and is referenced in Greek, Hebrew, Assyrian and Latin literature. Legend says that Jasper would drive away evil spirits and protect against snake and spider bites. In the fourth century, it was thought to bring about the rain. Jasper is believed to be protective. Credited for aligning the chakras, balancing the yin yang energies, as well as stabilizing and healing.